Types of Migration-Related Data Collected in Public Institutions

Cross-border Migrants
 
Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)
Data are collected from Nigerians and non-Nigerians immigrants at the borders and the ports of the country. Data details include information on the profile of the traveler to Nigeria such as, the origin of his/her journey, the purpose of visit, and the length of stay in Nigeria, the mode of transportation. For the emigrant, information is sought on the profile, mode of transportation and the destination. Data are collected on immigration and emigration forms on a daily basis. 
 
National Commission for Refugees, Migrants and Internally Displaced Persons (NCFRMI)
Data are collected from refugee applicants who cross the Nigerian borders. Information collected on refugees includes their personal profile, country of origin, cause or causes of fleeing from country of origin. Data are collected in conjunction with United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR); 
 
Diasporas
Federal Ministry of Labour and Employment (FMLE)
The International Labour Migration Desk (ILMD) of the Ministry is charged with the responsibility of collecting data on international labour migration both into the country and out of the country and establishing a database for them. NELEX was created in 2004 for this purpose but has not been functional.
 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Information on Nigerians living abroad who receive consular services such as the renewal of visas is collected through the Nigerian embassies regularly. Also, there is a desk in some embassies that collects information on Nigerian In Diaspora Organizations (NIDO). The information include their personal profile, the level of education attained, their work activities etc. Information on irregular migrants “rejected asylum seekers ” slated for deportation from host countries are also collected as and when they arise, with detailed information on their personal profile, when they left the country, when and how they arrived at the host country.
 
Nigerian National Volunteer Service (NNVS)
As the agency charged with the responsibility of engaging and mobilizing the Nigerian diasporas as important stakeholders in Nigeria’s development agenda, a data form for collecting information on Nigerians in Diaspora is available. The agency is able to collect data on Nigerians in Diaspora with fields such as, sex, age, marital status, current citizenship, state of origin in Nigeria, country of residence and address, next-of-kin, educational/professional job title. Information on skilled Nigerians abroad willing to make their services available in the critical sectors of the Nigerian economy (such as doctors who organize work visits to some of the states to render their services) are 32 collected in collaboration with other agencies such as, MFA.
 
Emigrants
 
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)
Data on emigration can be derived from the National Living Standard Surveys of 2004 and 2009. The surveys, whose reports are submitted to the National Planning Commission (NPC) and disseminated through the NBS web site: www.nigerianstat.gov.ng, are carried out every five years. 
 
National Population Commission (NPopC)
A large part of the data collected by NIS on departure and entry cards administered to travellers in and out of Nigeria at the land, air and sea ports are deployed to the Commission for analysis. The data are collected on daily basis. Analysis is done on age, sex, nationality, occupation, place of departure and reasons for 33 departure. Quarterly and Annual reports are published and disseminated but appeared last in 1991.
 
 
Emigrants – Students
 
Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity (FMLP)
FMLE uses the ILMD generated from NELEX and collaborate with NIS and NPopC (to use the departure/exit cards to identify emigrant students and collect the following information; state of origin, Local Government of origin, Highest qualification, Type of training/qualification sought overseas, Duration of Study, Intention to return after completion of Study, other personal characteristics etc.
 
Forced Migrants
Internally Displaced Persons National Commission for Refugees, Migrant and Internally Displaced Persons (NCFRMI)
Information is collected regularly from victims of displacement either as a result of conflicts or environmental disaster. Data are collected on the personal profile of the victim, cause/s of displacement, site of displacement, direction of flow, vulnerability, and the destruction of property and value. Data are collected on prescribed forms, processed and stored in the database in Lagos.
 
National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA)
The agency collects data on Internally Displace Persons through Local Government Authorities, State Emergency Management Agencies (SEMA) and NEMA 34 zonal offices. These data are checked for accuracy and authenticity before being forwarded to NEMA HQ for documentation. The report of the information is sent to the Management on weekly basis as they are collected on weekly basis. Major stakeholders are United Nations and its organs, and the Joint Intelligence Committee under the Vice President.
 
Forced Migrants
Refugees National Commission for Refugees, Migrant and Internally Displaced Persons (NCFRMI)
Data are collected from refugee applicants. Information collected on refugees includes their personal profile, country of origin, cause or causes of fleeing from origin. Data are collected in conjunction with United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). There is no specific periodicity to the data collected. Data collection depends on events as they occur.
 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Data on Nigerians who are given or seeking refugee status abroad are kept by the Nigerian embassies. Data collection is continuous. Information, which is collected from UNCHR, is based on UNCHR classification. It is reported to the management of the agency as and when the data is available.
 
Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS)
Information on refugees are collected from arrival cards at the point of entry if the refugees follow the official routes. Refugee information is also available through the Local Government Attaches of NIS located in each of the 774 Nigerian local governments. Information collected is referred to the NCFRMI
 
Immigrants
 
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)
Data are derived from the same source as that of emigration. In addition, data on immigrants are 4 35 collected in National Panel Surveys (2010, 2012) carried out yearly then after. 
 
Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)
Data on immigrants are derivable from arrival cards, residence and work permits issued to foreign workers in formal establishments, and from local government attaches of NIS which provide security information on foreigners living in their domain. These data are kept in the records of the agency, apart from those data made available to NPopC for further analysis. 
 
National Population Commission (NPopC)
Data collected by NIS on arrivals from abroad are sent to this agency for analysis and the publication of Nigeria’s International Migration Statistics, last published in 1991.
 
Immigrants – Students
Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity (FMLP)
Same as in the case of emigrant students except that additional information from NIS and NPopC will be sought from the arrival/entry cards.
 
Internal Migrants
National Population Commission (NPopC)
The Internal Migration Survey carried out 2010 contains data on migrants, non-migrants and return migrants in the households with detailed information on their 3 36 migration status e.g place of birth, place of previous residence, current residence, reasons for migration etc, The report of the survey, which is published, also contains reliable information on the stock, flow and characteristics of internal migration in Nigeria. It is ready for dissemination.
 
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)
The agency carries out National Youth Surveys which contain information on young migrants profile, their origin, detailed migration characteristics such as, place of birth, place of previous residence in the last ten years etc. The surveys are published yearly since 2012 but do not have detailed information on the migration profile of the youth.
 
National Agency for the Prohibition of Traffic in Persons (NAPTIP)
Supplementary information can be obtained from this agency on internal migrants, especially abused and/or exploited children and young women, who in some cases can also be classified as trafficked persons. The data collected are neither analyzed nor published but remain within the domain of the agency.
 
Irregular Emigrants Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Information on deportees is collected from the Nigerian embassies with detailed information on their personal profiles. The information is reported to the management and other agencies on request.
 
Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)
Some data on irregular emigrants are collected and are available in the records of the agency on persons stopped from leaving the country, i.e. “REFUSE DEPARTURE RECORDS”.
 
National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA)
The agency collects information on Nigerian returnees evacuated from countries experiencing crisis for coordination and administrative purposes.
 
Irregular Immigrants
 
National Commission for Refugees, Migrant and Internally Displaced Persons (NCFRMIMI)
The agency sources data from relevant MDAs such as NIS and MFA for coordination purposes.
 
Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS)
Some data on irregular immigrants are collected and are available in the records of the agency on persons refused entry in to the country, i.e. “REFUSE ENTRY RECORDS”. 
 
 
Labour Migrants
 
National Population Commission (NPopC)
Some of the characteristics of labour migrants will be generated from the completed immigration cards being administered by NIS, especially the analysis of the reasons for departure/arrival by selected characteristics of the traveller. From 2013, these statistics will be generated and published quarterly. In addition, the 2006 contains information on variables like work status from which data on labour immigrants can be collated.
 
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)
Data on labour immigrants can be derived from, National Manpower Stock and Employment Generation (2009, 2012) which is expected to be carried out yearly. Reports are expected to be written yearly. Preliminary reports have been written and submitted to the National Planning Commission. In addition the 2006 census and Post-enumeration census data contain information on migration relating to immigrant manpower stock in Nigeria and their personal characteristics, which can be mined.
 
Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity
The Labour Migration Desk of the agency is in charge of collecting data on the inflow of migrants by 38 (FMLP) employment status and other personal characteristics, outflows of nationals for educational purposes by sex and country of destination, number of nationals retained after studies and skill acquisition by sex and country of destination, and the outflow of employed nationals by sex and country of destination. However, the Desk has not been able to meet this mandate for poor budgetary provisions.
 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Information on the personal profile of labour immigrants who apply for entry visa in to the country are available in their visa application forms. These data are not exploited beyond the reporting of the total figure of visa applicants and recipients to the Management.
 
National Agency for the Prohibition of Traffic in Persons (NAPTIP)
Supplementary information on labour immigrants is available on irregular and trafficked persons working but who are caught by the law enforcing agencies such as the NIS, and referred to NAPTIP.
 
Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)
Data on labour migrants can be gleaned from the record on Expatriates obtainable from the expatriate quota administration, records of residence and work permits and the local government attaches of the NIS. These data are not presently published and reported
 
Remittances National Population Commission (NPopC)
The proposed Diaspora Survey 2013 in conjunction with NNVS and funding by IOM will solicit information on remittances of Nigerians abroad. Besides, the 2010 Internal Migration Survey has information on the funds transfers behaviour of internal migrants. The latter is already published, and disseminated.
 
National Bureau of Statistics
Data on remittances can be derived from the same source as those of the emigrants and immigrants. Information on remittances are not presently published and reported.
 
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)
This agency collects data on Nigerian foreign workers’ remittances from the receipt of the Commercial Banks. The data is submitted to CBN through Electronic Financial Analysis Surveillance System (e-fass). The Commercial banks access their data through financial transfers from workers abroad to their relations in Nigeria. Data on workers’ remittances are published in the balance-of-payments accounts yearly. The agency is planning to work closely with other agencies such as the NPopC to collect survey data on remittances from informal channels.
 
Trafficked persons.
 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Information on trafficked persons who are deported is collected from the Nigerian embassies with detailed information on their personal profiles. The information is reported to the management, and referred to NAPTIP.
 
National Agency for the Prohibition of Traffic in Persons (NAPTIP)
The agency sources data on trafficked persons from the Nigerian Police, NIS, MFA, Ministry of Women Affairs, and the Nigerian Civil Defence Organization. The data are collected electronically on variables such as sex, age, state of origin, rescue agency etc. 
 
Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS)
Data on trafficked persons are contained in Screening Centre records, anti-human trafficking records of the agency.